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Self-drive - Driving tips and techniques

Self-drive - Driving tips and techniques

Driving tips and techniques

Driving speed on gravel roads

Generally, if you drive well and at moderate speed on gravel roads, you will not get into trouble. If it is your first time off the tar, take it slow and build your confidence. It is easy to be over-confident and drive too fast, particularly on the longer gravel roads where your perception of speed across the vast landscape is easily warped. Please note that "headlights" are to be on at all times while travelling in Namibia.

You will find that there is an optimum speed for you to drive at on every gravel roads – a balance of speed, comfort and control. However, there is an important caveat here: the faster you go, the less time your tyres will spend touching the road surface, so the smoother it’ll seem. However, less contact between your tyres and road surface also means less control.

So, never exceed the speed limit, and we’d recommend absolute maximum speed of 80kph (50mph) on any gravel road – and that this be reduced in sections where the surface is less than excellent. (Whatever you do, don’t try to keep up with the locals. They have far greater experience of driving on these roads and will often speed along at 120kph with alacrity.)

Warning: most vehicle accidents that befall visitors in Namibia don’t involve any other car. Most commonly they involve a vehicle that’s travelling too fast on a gravel road, and the driver loses control of it.

Aim to always drive slowly, break early, corner gently and avoid sudden changes in speed or direction.

Tyre pressures

There is no one answer to the question ‘What pressure should my tyres be at when driving in Namibia?’ It depends on the make of the car, the number of passengers, the amount of luggage carried, and the tyres fitted. In this section we will try to give some general advice.

When you pick up your car from the airport, the tyres will normally have been inflated to the correct pressure for driving on tar roads. The precise pressure will usually be indicated somewhere in the car’s handbook, or on a small label fixed to the car.

However, few of our travellers remain on tarred roads for their whole trip, and many spend a lot of time on gravel. For a better ride and traction on gravel, many locals suggest reducing the tyre pressure by around 10–20%. Doing this allows the tyres to act as an additional shock absorber, taking the bite out of the corrugations. It also increases the amount of time that the tyre is in contact with the gravel surface, and thus increases their traction.

If you decide to slightly deflate your tyres for driving on gravel roads, which isn’t essential, then remember that it is absolutely essential that you remember to reflate them when you return to the tar. Driving on tar on low-pressure tyres will cause heat to build up in the tyre, and increases your chances of a blowout. So always return the tyres to their recommended pressure as soon as possible after coming back to a tar road. Most fuel stations in Namibia will be able to do this for you.

You will often see lodge vehicles, especially those regularly contending with deep sand, with very soft tyres. This gives these tyres a large surface area, and helps to prevent the vehicle from sinking or getting stuck. However, these are special tyres designed to be used at lower pressures; don’t do this with your tyres as you risk damaging them, and increasing the chances of an accident if they’re later used at speed.
A car cornering.

A car cornering.

4WD: low range

Many 4WDs come with a low-range gearbox, indicated by a second gearstick. The majority of our travellers will never need the low-range option, but we explain here how it works.

Engaging low range is the same as changing the front gear on your bicycle. It changes the gear ratio, producing more torque (turning force). This is useful for driving up steep inclines or in deep sand where the resistance to motion is high. Be aware, though, that the increase in torque with low range engaged can make it easier to spin the wheels, and certain circumstances you may need to pull away in second gear to avoid wheel spin.

This second gearstick may also give you the choice of whether or not to engage 4WD, with options such as 2WD high, 4WD high and 4WD low. We suggest using the 2WD high range option for tar roads, as it is more fuel-efficient; then either the 2WD high or 4WD high on gravel roads – the latter if you feel the need for extra control.

4WD: diff lock

A differential (diff) is a mechanical device in a car that allows the wheels on different sides to turn at different speeds.

As you can see from the diagram above, when a car travels around a corner the outside wheel has to travel further. The differential allows the outside wheel to travel faster, which stops the inside wheel from spinning. In normal road driving this is great, preventing power wastage and tyre wear.

However, if a car becomes stuck it is possible for the differential to become confused. One wheel often has less grip than the other and so it spins, mimicking a corner. This means that all of the power and torque (turning force) is sent to the spinning wheel and you remain stuck.

4WDs often have a ‘diff lock’ option, which locks the wheels so that they are forced to turn at the same speed regardless of whether you are going around a corner or not. This function is useful for crossing loose surfaces, such as sand and gravel where the chances of getting stuck are high, or for getting yourself unstuck.

Diff lock isn’t needed in normal driving and should never be engaged on tar roads, as this could do permanent and serious damage to the differentials, for which you would be liable. See the vehicle handbook for the exact conditions when it can/should be used.

For more information on the car hire and Namibian roads, see also:

Self-drive - types.

Self-drive - road types.

Self-drive - hire groups.

Our top picks for holidays to Namibia

We'll always tailor-make your Town for you. Here are some of our favourites to inspire you.

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Chongololo Self-drive Safari

21 days • 11 locations

This self-drive safari focuses on the best walking experiences in Namibia. Get your boots ready for the apricot dunes of the Namib Desert and the ancient hills of Damaraland.

US$7,400 - US$9,960 per person

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Hartebeest Self-drive Safari

16 days • 8 locations

This self-drive safari focuses on the best cultural experiences in Namibia. Visit a Himba village and enjoy three days living with the San Bushmen interspersed with some excellent wildlife watching.

US$3,540 - US$4,340 per person

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Rock Hare Self-drive Safari

20 days • 12 locations

An in-depth look at Namibia from the Namib Desert to the Caprivi, with additional stops in Botswana and Victoria Falls. This three-week adventure includes an unrivalled mix of environments and is great value.

US$5,250 - US$7,470 per person

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Caracal Self-drive Safari

14 days • 8 locations

The quintessential Namibian self-drive adventure exploring the highlights from Sossusvlei and the Namib Desert to Damaraland’s wilderness and a safari in Etosha. A great mix of accommodation and excellent value.

US$2,710 - US$4,150 per person

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Dune Lark Fly & Drive Safari

14 days • 8 locations

A combination fly-in self-drive exploration of Namibia, with quick, easy and scenic flights in and out of Sossusvlei before a classic road trip adventure of the country’s rugged north.

US$4,560 - US$5,860 per person

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Brown Hyena Self-drive

14 days • 8 locations

The perfect trip for those who want to mix the adventure and freedom of a self-drive with some of our favourite luxury camps in Namibia and a great mix of activities.

US$7,880 - US$9,950 per person

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Quiver Tree Self-drive Safari

14 days • 7 locations

An offbeat Namibian self-drive adventure exploring the epic Fish River Canyon and fascinating Kolmanskop ghost town in the south, before turning north via the classic highlights of Sossusvlei, Swakopmund and Damaraland.

US$2,390 - US$3,300 per person

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Black Wildebeest Self-drive Safari

19 days • 10 locations

Journey from South Africa’s cosmopolitan Cape Town to central Namibia’s Okonjima Nature Reserve during this self-driven safari. The route passes through a stunning variety of landscapes, offering access to this beautiful continent’s rich diversity.

US$3,320 - US$3,820 per person

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Cape Fox Guided Safari

13 days • 7 locations

A classic clockwise circuit around Namibia’s northern highlights with a private guide and vehicle. We can’t think of a better way to see more in this timeframe.

US$8,450 - US$10,760 per person

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Black-faced Impala Guided Safari

13 days • 6 locations

A unique mix of luxury and adventure in our original, and perhaps most varied, destination on a privately guided Namibian overland safari. Perfect for families, friends or couples travelling together.

US$4,910 - US$6,470 per person

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