Overview: Sperrgebiet tour
The Sperrgebiet has a fascinating recent history. The first rough diamond in the area was discovered in April 1908 near Kolmanskop, in what was then German South-west Africa. Within weeks a diamond rush was in full swing, the diamonds so prolific that early prospectors were picking them up by the handful, even at night by the light of the moon – but not for long. In September of that year the German colonial government proclaimed the area a forbidden or restricted zone: Sperrgebiet.
With prospecting now curtailed, several mining towns sprung up between 1908 and the start of World War I, and the area became one of the wealthiest in the southern hemisphere. However, by the mid 1920s the northern diamond fields were depleting and when even richer diamond deposits were discovered near the Orange River, many residents rushed south, leaving their homes and possessions behind.
Today the Namdeb Diamond Corporation still mines for diamonds in the Sperrgebiet, also known as Diamond Area 1. The mining activity is generally concentrated on the richer deposits in the southern reaches of the park, around Oranjemund, although an area of 26,000km² remains off limits to the public. However, as the Namibian government has a 50% stake in the company, they have been granting a limited number of permits for guided day tours into the area since 2001.
There are several trips that take in many highlights of the northern section of the park - and the highlights that can be included are:
- The ghost town and mines of Pomona, home to over 1,000 people in its heyday.
- The water pumping station at Grillenthal, where an underground aquifer provided water for towns as far away as Kolmanskop, located just outside of Lüderitz
- The spectacular 55m-limestone rock arch at Bogenfels
The other main tour into the park is the half day trip to the abandoned town at Elizabeth Bay, these days home to a large colony of cape fur seals and, for the time being, a functioning diamond mine which is viewed from a distance.
NB: the tours above don’t visit Kolmanskop, for which permits are easily acquired, so travellers usually visit under their own steam. The town is currently open 08:00 to 13:00 daily with group tours at 09:30 & 11:00 Monday to Saturday and at 10:00 on Sundays and public holidays. However we can arrange for private tours outside of these times or photographic permit granting longer access to the town. These are particularly good options for keen photographers without the time or budget for the longer tours above.
Please note: Expert Africa can only arrange this Sperrgebiet tour as part of a full, Expert Africa itinerary which stops in Aus or Lüderitz. See the Holiday ideas, below, for examples of such itineraries.
- Start location
- Your guide will collect you from your accommodation in Lüderitz at around 8.30am depending on the tour.
- End location
- At the end of your tour, your guide will drop you back either at your accommodation or your vehicle, the timing will depend on the tour you've enjoyed.
- Meals included
- Longer tours such as the one to Pomona and Bogenfels include a traditional German-style picnic with cold meats, bread, salads, fruit and yoghurt. Cold drinks and water are usually provided.
- Full day, including lunch
What to look forward to.
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